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Reactive Attachment Disorder | Help for Young Adults | RAD

Reactive Attachment Disorder is a condition that hinders relational development in young children, and continues if unchecked, causing dysfunction in the lives of young adults. There is hope and healing through effective treatment and therapeutic intervention.  At The Crossroads specializes in the effective treatment of Reactive Attachment Disorder.

If gone untreated Reactive Attachment Disorder can cause tremendous pain and anguish as effected children grow up to be young adults. Reactive Attachment Disorder, better known as RAD, is a condition that hinders the development of normal healthy relational attachments.

The good news is that there is help for young adults who have not dealt with the consequences of reactive attachment disorder. At The Crossroads has developed a specialized therapeutic treatment approach to working with young adults, both men and women, who have not overcome the emotional trauma brought about in their early child development.

What is RAD?

Reactive attachment disorder (RAD) is a condition that is associated with young children. However, if it is not addressed early on, the consequences will follow the youth into adulthood, and continue to cause relationship issues as young adults. Usually, Reactive attachment disorder is an issue brought about when young children (before the age of 5) are neglected, lacking proper love and care form a primary caregiver (parents, mothers, fathers).

Under normal conditions relational attachments develop when a young child is loved and nurtured by primary caregivers. Normal and healthy relational attachments are developed when infants and toddlers receive repeatedly comforted care from humans (mom and dad). When the primary caregivers do not meet young child's basic needs, they fail to develop the ability to make healthy human relationships (attachments).

It is through an attachment to a loving and protective mother or father that an infant learns to love and trust others. Through tender and loving relationships with a caregiver young children learn to become aware of others' feelings and needs, to understand emotions, and to develop healthy relationships and a positive self-image. The absence of emotional warmth during the first few years of life can negatively affect a child's entire future.

Therefore, young adults who have struggled to develop deep and meaningful (trusting) relationships during their early developmental years can struggle greatly during their transition into adulthood. But there is hope, and the issues related to RAD can be overcome with counsel, therapy, and unconditional support. At The Crossroads specializes in the effective treatment of young adults, men and women, attempting to overcome the issues related to RAD.

Signs and Symptoms of Reactive Attachment Disorder in Young Adults

Symptoms of RAD May Include:

• Seems Detached (relationships)

• Unresponsive or resistant to comforting (does not like to be physically touched)

• Excessively inhibited (unemotional)

• Withdrawn or a mixture of approach and avoidance

• Indiscriminate sociability

• Inappropriately familiar or selective in the choice of attachment figures


Causes of RAD

RAD occurs when attachment between a young child and the primary caregiver (parents: mom, dad, etc.) does not occur, or is interrupted due to lack of tender loving care.

• Persistent disregard of the child's emotional needs for comfort, stimulation, and affection

• Persistent disregard of the child's basic physical needs

• Repeated changes of primary caregivers that prevent formation of stable attachments (for example, frequent changes in foster care)


Adoption and RAD

Some therapeutic professionals associate RAD with adopted children. Although it is true that children adopted out of institutional settings, and from the foster care system, do display a higher percentage of RAD type symptoms, RAD is not a disorder that is uniquely tagged to "adopted children". However, it is important for all of us to become educated regarding the potential and unique problems adopted children face. It is "understanding and knowledge" that we will help people, including young adults, overcome the complications and dysfunctions associated with reactive attachment disorder.

Attachment Disorders range in severity, and there is a continuum of "degrees of attachment" issues. Ranging from "those who suffer from severe attachment disorder" to subtle, less prominent relational issues. Every person and situation is different, and the unique situation of each individual must be dealt with on an case-by-case basis. However, the best possible treatment starts and ends with knowledge.

We must also remember that not all adopted and foster care kids have an attachment disorder. Every one is different, and the circumstances vary. With this in mind, it would be wrong to single out "Adopted" children as the only group of people who suffer from RAD.

Adoptees are not the only individuals that can suffer from attachment issues. Adults who did not get their emotional and physical needs met in the first few years of life, and did not have a strong connection with their primary caregiver, also show signs of RAD. Moreover, even young adults with "perfect parents" and a "perfect up-brining" can display issues associated with RAD. It is important to know that many attachment problems are very subtle and often go unrecognized, and they are "unexplained".

Nevertheless, regardless of the causes of RAD, there is hope, and their is healing. Through At The Crossroads hundreds of young adults have overcome the complications and dysfunctions associated with RAD.

 At The Crossroads Offers Help to Young Adults Struggling with Reactive Attachement Disorder in the Following States:

Alabama (AL), Arkansas (AR), Alaska (AK), Arizona (AZ), California CA), Colorado (CO), Connecticut (CT), Delaware (DE), District of Columbia (DC), Florida (FL), Georgia (GA), Hawaii (HI), Idaho (ID), Illinois (IL), Indiana (IN), Iowa (IA), Kansas (KS), Kentucky (KY), Louisiana (LA), Maine (ME), Maryland (MD), Massachusetts (MA), Michigan (MI), Minnesota (MN), Mississippi (MS), Missouri (MO), Montana (MT), Nebraska (NE), Nevada (NV), New Hampshire (NH), New Jersey (NJ), New Mexico, (NM) New York (NY), North Carolina (NC), North Dakota (ND), Ohio (OH), Oklahoma (OK), Oregon (OR), Pennsylvania (PA), Rhode Island (RI), South Carolina (SC), South Dakota (SD), Tennessee (TN), Texas (TX), Utah (UT), Vermont (VT), Virginia (VA), Washington (WA), West Virginia (WV), Wisconsin (WI), Wyoming (WY)

“Starting out in the program I had few responsibilities, but as I got a job and worked harder, I started paying my own bills. It became really gratifying to know I could budget my money, work hard at a job, and accomplish the things I have.” -Miles (Former Student).

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